Samuel Carpenter was the son of John Carpenter and grandson of John Christian Carpenter, who was a German-born son of the immigrant Hans Michael Zimmerman. This Zimmerman family anglicized its name to Carpenter and had joined the Second Colony immigrants in 1721. Samuel's mother was Dorothy Cook, whose father was the immigrant Michael Cook from Schwaigern. Samuel was born in about 1761 and died in 1825. Samuel's wife was Elizabeth "Peggy" Blankenbaker, who died in 1860 at the age of 91. Their children were Lovell, Abel, Sarah and Rhoda Carpenter.

Peggy Carpenter, Court Certification, May 28, 1854. Madison Co. O. B. 11, 1849-1856.

Peggy Carpenter's Pension Award, 1856

Pension file of Peggy Carpenter, W 6631, Case Files of Pension and Bounty Land Warrant Applications Based on Revolutionary War Service compiled c. 1800 - c. 1912 Documenting the Period c. 1775 – c. 1900, RG 15, M804, National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland, accessed at


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County Creation Dates

Although you will find four different Virginia counties mentioned in the history and genealogy of the Second Colony, after 1726 most of them lived in just one place, today's Madison County, Virginia. To lessen confusion, note the following dates of county creation:

Spotsylvania County, created from Essex County, 1721

Orange County, created from Spotsylvania County, 1734

Culpeper County, created from Orange County, 1748

Madison County, created from Culpeper County, 1793

Germanna Research Group

The Germanna Research Group is an independent group of scholars, researchers, and students of 18th and early 19th-century Virginia history.  A major focus of inquiry will be the German immigrants who arrived in colonial Virginia in the early 1700s, and Lieutenant Governor Alexander Spotswood.  The descendants of these German immigrants, now spread far and wide, contribute to these affiliated websites.  The Germanna Research Group is not affiliated, however, with any other organization. Click the logo above to link to the Germanna Research Group.